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Computers as we know them manipulate information encoded in ones and zeroes, known as binary code. Instead of the customary binary computation, quantum computers will encode data in the quantum states of subatomic particles known as quantum bits, or qubits. These devices will be able to execute parallel computations orders of magnitude faster than today’s computers.
“A quantum computer can take many inputs, do many calculations, and produce many results at the same time.”
The concept has been validated by systems involving very small numbers of qubits. However, cobbling together full-scale quantum computing systems remains a distant prospect.